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Biodiversity of Apaxco


American lynx

(Lynx rufus)

-It extends from southern Canada through most of the contiguous United States to Oaxaca in Mexico.

-It has distinctive black bars on its front legs and a round, black-tipped tail. It reaches a body length of up to 125 cm.

-Although it prefers to hunt rabbits and hares, it sometimes captures insects, chickens, geese and other birds, small rodents and deer. 

-The selection of their prey depends on the location and habitat, season and abundance.


Little wren

(Corthylio calendula))

-It is migratory and its range extends from northwestern Canada and southern Alaska to Mexico.

-Its breeding habitat is the spruce forests in the mountainous north of the United States and Canada.

-Lays up to 12 eggs and has the largest clutch of all North American passerines for its size.

-It is mainly insectivorous, but also feeds on

fruits and seeds.


(Asterocampa leilia)

-Can be found in the southwestern United States, including Arizona and Texas, as well as Mexico.

-Adults feed on manure, sap and rotten fruit, in very rare cases nectar.

-Inhabits canyons, riverbanks, thorny bushes

and washes.

-The males of the species will wait near their food plants for the females to appear.


Texan horned lizard

(Phrynosoma cornutum)

-When inactive individuals burrow into the ground, enter rodent burrows or hide under rocks.

- The species is trafficked in  pet quality.

-It is known as "cries  blood".

-It lives in open, arid and semi-arid regions with sparse vegetation (deserts, meadows, beach edges, slopes, dunes, foothills) with grass, cacti or scattered bushes or shrubs.


(Cynanthus latirostris)

-The female feeds her young by placing her beak deep in their mouths and regurgitates small insects, perhaps with a little nectar.

-The male makes a soft and confusing sound that is often not heard.

-It is common in Mexico and the southwestern United States. They live and nest in areas such as canyons, foothills, and stream beds.

-Its nest is built by the female made with grasses, plant fibers and cobwebs, and lined with plant fluff


Carpenter bumblebee

-Females scrape their jaws against the wood, excavating a cavity at a rate of 1.5 cm / week.

-They are polylectic, that is, they visit a great variety of plants, some of economic importance.

-Inhabits Central America, North America

and South America.

-They build their nests by digging galleries inside hard and generally dead wood.

(Xylocopa tabaniformis)


(Buteo jamaicensis)

-They are short-distance migrants, they glide during the flight.

-They hunt from perches on trees or poles and also forage, feeding mainly on small mammals and reptiles.

-It lives in forests, thickets, meadows and deserts, it can fly up to 3200 meters high.

-The most distinctive thing is the red color of its tail, and they are typically brown and pale yellow.


Northern Cayman Lizard

-It is not usually aggressive, but it can bite if it is handled, and many cultures consider it poisonous

-The reproduction occurs throughout the year; sometimes several clutches of eggs are laid per year

-Inhabits Central America, North America  it is endemic

from central Texas  and northern Mexico.

- It has short limbs and a tail that it can shed to distract a potential predator, but that will grow back over time.

(Gerrhonotus infernalis)


(Spilogale gracilis)

-It has an excellent defense system (ability to expel musk) but only uses it as a last resort.

-It is common in Mexico and the southwestern United States. They live and nest in areas such as canyons, foothills, and stream beds.

-They can emit high-pitched vocalizations, they are stealthy

and nocturnal habits.

-They are omnivorous. They eat eggs (wild or domestic, especially turkey eggs), young rabbits, fruits and berries (skunks), mice, voles, roots, and even arthropods like grasshoppers and scorpions.



-They come to work together with the badgers: the coyote detects  the rodents and the badger digs in the burrow until they are removed.

-The species is very versatile, especially in its ability to exploit human-modified environments.

-It is an animal very hunted by farmers, due to  the casualties it generates in livestock. Attacks on humans are rare, although they are increasing.

-Use around ten different sounds to communicate,

in addition to its high-pitched howl. 

(Canis latrans)


(Ascalapha odorata)

-The Mesoamerican beliefs associated it with death and evil "omen", due to its color and size.

-It is completely harmless and a good nocturnal pollinator. Adults feed on tree sap and damaged or decaying fruit.

-In Nahuatl their names were mictlanpapalotl (butterfly from the land of the dead), micpapalotl (butterfly of death), miquipapalotl (butterfly of bad luck) or tetzahupapalotl (butterfly of terror).

 -Females can exceed 19  cm  long. The upper part of its wings is brown with small traces of purple and pink. 


In alliance with Rayados Monterrey, we present this section that aims to disseminate some of the species that we can find in Monterrey and its metropolitan area.

Chinese palm, izote

-Its pollination is possible, through the intervention of a small butterfly (the yucca butterfly) whose larvae develop inside the fruits.

- Its flowering occurs between May and July. The fruit is known as date.

-Edible oil is produced from the seed or used for the pulp industry in the manufacture of kraft paper

-They deposit their eggs in the flowers, thus transporting the pollen from the anthers to the stigma.

(Yucca filifera)



-Charcoal is popular in North America for the typical aroma it transmits to food.  Popularly known as sweet mesquite, it is a tree-growing plant belonging to the Leguminosae family.

- Very resistant to drought inside and outside its natural space.

-The wood is hard and resistant to decay, and is used for fence posts and small joinery.

-Its flowers are valuable for feeding bees.

(Prosopis glandulosa)


(Agave lechuguilla)

-The lechuguilla fiber is used for commercial purposes, it is obtained from the bud, from which the highest quality fiber comes. Used for making twine, brushes for industrial and domestic use.

-From the root and stem products are obtained that are used in the manufacture of soaps.

-It contains a saponin and a chemically unidentified photodynamic agent, which cause acute poisoning, the main lesions are hepatitis and nephritis.

 -It is a species of succulent plant belonging to the agavaceae family. 



-In some areas of the country it is consumed as a legume in human food. Also as a supplement in the livestock diet due to its high protein content.

-It is a species of shrub native to the southwestern United States and northeastern Mexico belonging to the Fabaceae family.

If consumed in large quantities (leaves and fruits), it causes intoxication, which can take weeks or months and is manifested by muscular ataxia, visual disturbances, prostration and sometimes death.

(Acacia berlandieri)


(Milkweed asperula)

-The genus name Asclepias derives from Asclepios, the Greek god of medicine, who died at the hands of Zeus for reviving the dead.

-They are food for  caterpillars  of the  monarch butterfly .

-It also contains  alkaloids  that are unpleasant to predators.

 -In some towns it is used to treat an upset stomach and lung problems.


The IUCN Red List is a tool to inform and catalyze actions for biodiversity conservation and policy change that is critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive.


(Ursus americanus)

-It is a medium-sized bear endemic to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent.

-They are omnivores and their diets vary greatly depending on the season and location.

-They usually live in largely forested areas, but leave forests in search of food and are sometimes attracted to human communities due to the immediate availability of food.

 -Despite the name, some subspecies can be brown or even blond.

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